7/07/2006

Hotnews!
Procentual counter (weekly update): SDPRsite/Petitionars = 5% shrinking
News: Design-information cenzured or nothing "up-to-date"? look at:-PROTESTCOVERAGE: and compare with:-SDPR/PRESA:

7/06/2006

By practice, we have considered that the Designer activate into the interdisciplinary border-fied of art, tehnology and science.
Trought the new regulation-proposal we are learned that the Designer activate into the interdisciplinary border-fied of art, tehnology, science and INFRACTIONALITY.....
Therefore, we propose a new, romanian-specific definition: INFRACTCREATOR.

BACKGROUND INFOS ALSO HERE and HERE HUGE AMOUNT OF INFOS HERE
ENGLISH-text

Dear Ladies and Sirs,

An antidemocratic law-project, proposed in our country, Romania by the self-named "Professional Designers Association of Romania", (also PDSR or, in romanian language: SDPR). Members listed in the link of SDPR are at the this time..only 40 people! According to our "petitiononline" there are over 700 persons (including various professionals in the field!)against at the moment. And the list grows.
The proposal stipulate the interdiction of practice in design without the apartenence to SDPR and without his expertise.The design-fields are not clearly delimited. The right to practice in design could be forbidden any moment by SDPR because of "indisciplinarity" reasons (!!!). The punition by law in case of creation without apartenence to SDPR should be categorized as.. "Infraction" (!!!)
This regulation could be against the freedom of spirit and expression, also against PRIVATE PROPERTY (including the intelectual & industrial, guaranted by our Constitution Art:44,45 ), possibly contradicting international intelectual property regulations (WIPO, where Romania is part of) and ignorring the ICSID definition of design, that include:
"a wide spectrum of professions". SDPR seems to be affiliated to UAPR. A petition against this law was sended to UAPR and since 3 month, we have no answer.
By our knowledge such a REGULATION has no counterpart in other democratic countries.
Therefore the young, free designers-community of Romania invite YOU warmley to support our freedom of creation by undersigning our online-petition at:


http://www.petitiononline.com/sdprabuz/petition.html


DEUTSCH-Text


Sehr geehrte Damen und Herren,
Einen undemokratischen Design-Gesetzentwurf, wurde in Rumaenien bei dem selbstgennanten "Verband Profesional Designers in Romania" (also VPDR oder in rumaenischen sprache SDPR, mit nur 40 mietglieders zur Zeit)offiziel vorgeschalgt.
Es gibt bei -petitiononline- ueber 700 Unterzeichungen gegen diesem Gesetz, die meisten von activen Profesionisten , und der Zahl der Gegners diesen undemokratischen Idee wird immer groesser.
Das Gesetzentwurf verbietet das praktizieren von Design (in egal welchem Form) ohne die Genehmigung und Mietgliedschaft zu SDPR. Das Recht zu praktizieren kann jederzeit zurueckgetreten werden, wegen "Indisziplin"... Die rechtlichen Folgen sind penal eingestufft! (also warscheinlich Gefaengnis).
Diese Normen koennen gegen die demokratischen Prinzipen, unseren Grundgesetz (kulturaellen-, besitz-, oekonomischen-, personen- Freiheit, Art.: 30,33,44,45), gegen WIPO-Normen, und gegen die Design-Begriffixierung von ICSID als "beinhaltend eine weide Palette von Professionen" sein.
SDPR scheint zur Zeit irgendwie den UAPR untergeordnet zu sein. Eine Petition wurde an UAPR zugesendet, aber seit drei Monaten gibt es kein Antwort dazu.
Nach unserem kenntnis, gibt es keinen Gegenbeispiel in dem demokratischen Welt.
Aus diesem Gruenden, bitten wir Sie herzlich, unseren kreativen Freiheit zu unterstuetzen, durch die Unterzeichnung unseren Petition an:

http://www.petitiononline.com/sdprabuz/petition.html

7/05/2006


Engl.: National strategy made by design-managers ??!

There are not more as 600-650 designers in Romania that can accomplish the criteria asked by SDPR, because the others are gone-away years before, (probably intuing what comes...). In the meantime, there are over 5000
firms very active in the field, (graphic, corporate design, multimedia, web, product design, fashion, publicity industry, publicity production, etc., etc) and over 10000 with occasional activities into the field. Remember also the obligativity by SDPR law, that enforce each enterprise with registered profile in design to have an SDPR-member with full-norm as employee, and doing the necessar calculations (basic school) result: max. 0,12 to 0,06 designers per enterprise.... No comment.


But another pure calculation said:
Regarding the momentan situation, and if the apartenence taxes are, for example, 100$/year, calculating the momentan members, also 40, we have: 4000,- $/year.
If (by a marwell or witchnesses) this law will be enforced, and the apartenence taxes are, for example, also 100$/year, calculating the the indirect cotization of the 10000 enterprises (via designers/SDPR) we have:
100$x10000enterpr.= 1 mil. $/year
And here we calculate only the ordinary taxes. Pure calculations, nothing esle.

Ro.: Strategie nationala facauta de adevarati design-manageri ??!
In Romania nu exista mai mult de 600-650 designeri care sa intruneasca conditiile "cerute" de SDPR, fiindca restul au sters-o din tara (probabil intuind cu ani inainte..),
- avand in vedere "obligativitatea" fiecarei firme care are in profil design sa angajeze citez: "cu norma plina" un membru SDPR,
- avand in vedere ca exista cel putin 5000 de firme foarte active in domeniu (ca ag. publicitate, prod. publicitara, web-design, grafica, corporate design, proiectare/executie design produs, fasion, etc.) si cel putin 10000 de firme cu activitati ocazionale in domeniu, rezulta =>

-un "designer profesionist" la 30 000 locuitori (!!! > si SIDA e mai deasa, adica mediu 1/1000 conf. statisticilor publicate pe net de CIA!)
-de asemeni rezulta maximum 0,1 => 0,05% "designeri profesionisti" per intreprindere care aduce bani grosi la bugetul de stat. Fara comentarii.

Dar o alta calculatie pura spune:
Avand in veder situatia momentana, si daca taxele de apartenenta sunt, de exemplu 100$/an, calculand membrii actuali, deci 40, avem: 4000,- $/an.
Daca (printr-o minune sau ..mai repede vrajitorie) aceasta lege intra in vigoare, si taxele sunt de asemeni 100$ /an, calculand cotizatia indirecta a intreprinderilor cu profil design (prin designerii membrii SDPR, angajati obligator) avem:
100$x10000intrepr.= 1 mil. $/an Pure calculatii, nimic altceva.

7/01/2006

Extras, declaratia de la STOCHOLM

Institutul European de Design a facut cu ocazia intalnirii anuale din 2004 urmatoarea declaratie de principii (extras):

“Good design enables, bad design disables

(...........)
"Design for All aims to enable all people to have equal opportunities to participate in every aspect of society. To achieve this, the built environment, everyday objects, services, culture and information – in short, everything that is designed and made by people to be used by people – must be accessible, convenient for everyone in society to use and responsive to evolving human diversity.(...........)

The European Institute for Design and Disability therefore calls on the European institutions, national, regional and local governments and professionals, businesses and social actors to take all appropriate measures to implement Design for All in their policies and actions."

...cum se integreaza proiectul de dizabilitare a creatiei in design pentru anumite categorii, cu aceste imperative ale Institutului European de Design (linkto)?


6/30/2006

Ideile vand...cat mai circula liber

A spune ca Designul este identic cu Arhitectura (deci si ca reglementarile pot fi similare) este ca si cum ai spune ca o lamaie si un canar au acelasi regim, fiindca au cam aceiasi marime, sunt galbene si contin apa.... Iata insa cateva aspecte:





1. Designul, o disciplina legata de nasterea necorporalelor.
Arhitectura, medicina si alte profesii, au existat intr-o anume continuitate istorica si structurala de sute sau mii de ani. Designul insa a aparut -ca profesie- dupa ce revolutiile industrial-economice au inlocuit partea de conceptie (sau “secrete”) ale mestesugarilor cu necorporalele. Ce sunt necorporalele? Sunt categorii de drept economic, care “separa” substanta/obiectul de idee. Ele deriva din inovatie si concept pur, adica pe englezeste ..design!

2.Caracterul de frana economica al breslelor si solutia: protectia industriala; "secrete" versus "brevete".
“Secretele” (adica proiectele si tehnologiile) erau protejate de bresle, organizatii ce reflectau ierarhia medievala. Brevetele (adica.. proiectele si tehnologiile!) au fost promovate de noile structuri, corporatiile, (din sec 17/Angla, City of London, n.b. LINKTO) al caror sistem il folosim si azi : structura capitalului si dinamica activelor, libera circulatie a activelor necorporale. Diferenta fundamentala, care a deschis calea civilizatiei contemporane este serialitatea, indisolubil legata de necorporale si deci brevete. Ele sunt liber tranzactionabile pentru orice persoana (n.b.)!
Disciplina de creatie a “formelor cu aspect/utilitate culturala” (design) s-a detasat ca prima veriga a unui lant de proceduri necorporale necesare produsului finit serial (preengineering, engineering, molding, etc). Odata cu aparitia simularilor computerizate, aceste procese necorporale au fost validate inca odata. Iata de ce designul se supune conceptelor de “free trading” si “open market”, neputand avea caracter inchis.

4.Diferenta fundamentala fata de arhitectura
Regimul economic al arhitecturii (bun imobil si unicat) il pot obliga pe executant/beneficiar sa accepte normele justificate ale locatiei (de ex.: Romania)> vezi si conceptul “genius loci”, aplicabil doar rarissm in design. O lege care insa ar include limitari si nu stimulari, ar determina producatorii sau comerciantii de necorporale, sa-si caute locatie in alte tari... (acesta este principiul economic globalizat al bunurilor mobile/necorporale).

5.Reglementari internationale
Dupa reglementari OMPI in vigoare (sursa: "Introducere in proprietatea intelectuala"/OMPI 2001), desenele si modelele industriale (ce pot include majoritatea absoluta a muncii de design), se incadreaza in “proprietatea industriala” (brevete) dar arhitectura se incadreaza in “drepturi de autor si conexe”, ceea ce contrazice orice asemanare a legii cu cea a arhitectilor (“dreptul de semnatura” sau formulari similare) care au o alta incadrare/protejare economica. De aceea, restrictii de profesare in domeniu pot fi problematice fata de legile si tratate internationale la care Romania a aderat (in speta cele ref. la proprietatea industriala, si intelectuala in genere), dat fiind dreptul oricarei persoane fizice sau juridice de a inregistra si comercializa modele industriale, in conditiile respectarii legii patentelor si a normelor OMPI. Adica un amator ar putea comercializa ideile sale sub forma de patente, dar nu direct? Care ar mai fi sensul legii atunci? Cate procese ar induce?

6.Competente
Orice designer care doreste sa valideze aspecte tehnice, ar trebui sa aiba cel putin o pregatire de baza in domeniul tehnic respectiv! Pregatirea de design din spatiul european insa (in marea majoritate, inclusiv in Romania ), NU prezinta materii si examene tehnice intr-o proportie suficiena pentru a justifica o calitate de expert tehnic absolventilor (tocmai datorita orientarii designului european catre caracterul deschis al necorporalelor...). Altfel spus, dupa etapa de design pur, nici absolventii, nici alti creatori nu au astfel de competente .
Un principiu simplu ? A permite -explicit- separarea produsului necorporal al designului, adica proiectul si aspectele colaterale (machete, simulari 2d/3d), de aspectele tehnice, verificari si standarde de calitate. Asta ar corepunde si procesului istoric de fiintare a designului....
Arhitectii in schimb, nu numai ca au o profesie cu o alta incadrare, dar au si examene care ii certifica in a valida unele aspecte tehnice: rezistenta structurilor si materialelor, matematica (similar design-engineering-ului din spatiul commonwealth).

7.Alte aspecte... economice
Ne protejam de designerii UE? Iarasi o idee ciudata si inutila, din cauza regimului de libera circulatie al patentelor; ei pot vinde modelele industriale. Daca insa firme din UE ar dori sa activeze la noi, ar putea angaja un singur “profesionist”, care ar “stampila” ceea ce lucreaza 20-30 de “amatori”. Hm; asa s-ar putea trezi si o asociatie de “pictori profesionisti” ca vor sa stampileze picturile altora, pentru a garanta calitatea operelor. (dar mai bine sa nu dau idei... Totusi regret faptul ca n-am deschis un magazin de stampile/dosare; nu am realizat potentialul local...)


Nota: dorim o protectie a calitatii pentru anumite zone speciale ale economiei? (zone speciale fiind justificabile). Exista solutii mult mai eficiente decat propunerea actuala pentru a atinge acest imperativ, si care nu ating piata libera. Ele vor fi listate aici, in curand.

Recapituland, iata cateva diferente, incl. de drept economic: segregarea conceptului, activele necorporale, regimul patentelor, serialitatea, procesul diferit al validarii tehnologice, regimul de bun imobil/necorporal, heterogenitatea definitiei, diferenta istorica, etc.
In loc de concluzie?


Daca ne vom situa pe pozitii de “breasla” (pe vremuri, in regat: caldarari, argintari, lingurari...), se va intampla cu “breasla” ce s-a intamplat si acum 2-300 de ani, atunci cand ...e.t.c., e.t.c. (vezi primul punct)..... mai ales dupa integrare. In Germania este simplu: daca ai diploma de licenta, si nr. reg. fiscala, poti deschide in cateva zile activitatea; doar cateva aprobari simple, de stat. (iata “minimalismul” functional, intr-o tara cu peste 70 de ani de bogata istorie in design!). Mai mult, activitatea este incadrata ca artistica/drepturi de autor (kuenstlerisch oder urheberechtlich geschuetzte), si are legatura doar cu cota de impozitare mai mica.(sursa: www.vdid.de) Deci cum spuneam, stimulari, nu restrictii.

Avand in vedere problemele puse, tot o solutie similara celei germane face sens: adica denumirea de profesionist (dipl. designer) sa o aiba doar cei cu diploma; de asemeni, un sistem de stimulari economice. Restul poate fi reglementat chiar de catre piata libera. Comentarii?

Ref:
http://creatie-si-infractiune/blogspot.com
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